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Ives/Copland/Lees/Kirchner WORKS FOR VIOLIN AND PIANO - PHCD136

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Charles Ives Sonata No.4 for Violin and Piano
Aaron Copland Sonata for Violin and Piano
Benjamin Lees Sonata No.2 (1973)
Leon Kirchner Sonata Concertante
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Jaime Laredo, violin Ives: Sonata No.4 for Violin and Piano
Ann Schein, piano Copland: Sonata for Violin and Piano
Rafael Druian, violin
Ilse von Alpenheim, piano Lees: Sonata No.2 (1973)
Jaime Laredo, violin
Ruth Laredo, piano Kirchner: Sonata Concertante
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These recordings are decades old. Phoenix, a small, resourceful U.S. label has brought them back into circulation to create a fine program of American violin sonatas.

The Sonata No. 4 is probably the most engaging of Ives' four violin sonatas. And, while serious collectors of musical Americana will surely want to have the complete set (I recommend the outstanding version by Gregory Fulkerson and Robert Shannon on Bridge), this performance by Jaime Laredo and Ann Schein captures the music's clangorous rapture as well as any other.

Lardeo's tone can be a bit gruff and rough-hewn, but that serves this music well. In fact, it adds some necessary grit to Copland's Violin Sonata, a beautiful work that is every bit the equal of the composer's far better known orchestral works. Surprisingly, this Sonata has been infrequently recorded; one might think that at least some of today's talented young would have added it to their discographies by now.

After several auditions, I still haven't warmed to the Violin Sonata No. 2 by Benjamin Lees (b. 1924). The composer aptly describes the music as "angular and muscular," but the music's angular muscularity is not really the problem. Lees clearly is a craftsman, and the Sonata is well-written. However, I only found bits of the thematic and harmonic material to be compelling. Also, Rafael Drurian's playing is considerably less assured and polished than Laredo's.

Leon Kirchner (b. 1919) is one of this country's greatest composers, and his neglect by peformers and record companies is shameful. Kirchner's music has a dissonant veneer--he was a student of Schoenberg and Roger Sessions--but it's Romantic music at its heart, full of sweeping melodic gestures, sweet, aching lyricism and richly expressive harmonies. This Sonata Concertante is a stunning work, and one that makes substantial technical and musical demands on its performers. Jaime and Ruth Laredo play it for all it's worth.

All in all, this is a very satisfying disc. The recording quality is far from perfect--the Ives and Copland are grainy-sounding and there are some extraneous noises in all four pieces--but it's not all that bad, either. Warmly recommended.

--Andrew Farach-Colton: Classical Insites 5/9/98

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Audio Sample Description: Ives: SONATA NO.4 (1st movement)


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